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Morphine Sulfate

Chemical formula: C17H19NO3•H2SO4•5H2O

Molecular weight: 758.83 g/mol

CAS number: 6211-15-0

PubChem CID: 5280846

Melting point: 250°C (decomposes)


Stock Code : 30c4f9bf53d7 Category :

Morphine sulfate is a powerful opioid pain medication derived from the opium poppy plant. Moreover, It is available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, injections, suppositories, and oral solutions. Also, it is a Schedule II controlled substance in the United States due to its high potential for abuse and dependence.

Technical Data

Chemical formula: C17H19NO3•H2SO4•5H2O

Molecular weight: 758.83 g/mol

CAS number: 6211-15-0

PubChem CID: 5280846

Melting point: 250°C (decomposes)

Solubility: 1 in 21 parts water, 1 in 790 parts alcohol, 1 in 1,100 parts chloroform

pKa: 8.03

Appearance: White, crystalline powder

Pharmacology: Morphine sulfate is a full opioid agonist, meaning it binds to and activates opioid receptors in the central nervous system (CNS). Moreover, This activation produces a variety of effects, including:

  • Pain relief
  • Sedation
  • Relaxation
  • Euphoria
  • Respiratory depression

Morphine sulfate

Dosage: The dosage of It varies depending on the individual’s age, weight, medical condition, and severity of pain. So, it is typically started at a low dose and gradually increased as needed.

Side effects: Common side effects of morphine sulfate include:

  • Constipation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Itching
  • Urinary retention

Serious side effects: More serious side effects of it can include:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Coma

Contraindications: Morphine sulfate is contraindicated in people with:

  • Hypersensitivity to morphine or other opioids
  • Severe respiratory depression
  • Paralytic ileus
  • Acute bronchial asthma

Drug interactions: It can interact with many other medications, including:

  • Alcohol
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Antidepressants
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Muscle relaxants

Warnings and precautions:

  • Morphine sulfate can be addictive and should be used only as directed by a healthcare professional.
  • Also, It can cause respiratory depression, which can be fatal. It is important to use morphine sulfate in a monitored setting, especially if you have breathing problems.
  • In addition, This medicine API can cause drowsiness and impair your ability to drive or operate machinery.
  • It can interact with many other medications. Also, it is important to tell your healthcare professional about all the medications you are taking, including over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements.

Image of Morphine Sulfate chemical structure:

Morphine Sulfate chemical structure

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